If you are nervous and have a constant urge to pull hair, chances are you are suffering from trichotillomania, also known as trichotillomania. People have such a strong desire to pull their hair that they just can’t control it, which leads to the appearance of various bald spots on the scalp due to excessive hair pulling. People with trichotillomania may need wigs, false eyelashes, and other cosmetics to hide those areas where they’ve obviously pulled their hair.
Trichotillomania is like an addiction to a certain substance. People with trichotillomania cannot control their urge to pull their own hair or the hair of others, depending on the severity of the condition. Patients with trichotillomania generally lead normal lives. However, in these people, one may notice baldness on the scalp or any other part of the body where the hair growth is generally visible or the hair is thinning. Many patients cannot control the desire and are ashamed of it, resulting in low self-esteem and difficulty communicating with people.
About 50% of patients with trichotillomania interfere with the mouth and hair in some way. You can see people suffering from trichotillomania moving the tips of their hair over their lips or chewing the tips of their hair. Some severe cases lead to ‘Trichiasis’ where the patient swallows a whole piece of hair leading to abdominal pain, intestinal obstruction, nausea, vomiting, gastrointestinal bleeding, etc. Once the patient has finished plucking his hair immediately afterwards he is in confused to pluck another hair.
Patients with a hair pulling disorder experience a huge wave of stress, anxiety or boredom that causes them to pull their hair. Once the person succumbs to the urge to pluck their hair, they feel relieved and relaxed. While not a masochistic condition, trichotillomania can be classified as self-mutilation due to the following horrific consequences:
o Skin damage.
o Permanent hair loss due to damaged hair follicles.
o Formation of triple bezoar (when hair is swallowed).
While there has been a tremendous amount of research into finding an ideal treatment for trichotillomania, doctors believe that combining effective medications with psychological treatments works best. Various psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy, habit reversal exercise therapy, hypnosis, etc. are used to help patients control and control the urge to pull hair.
Some medications such as fluoxetine, sertraline, fluvoxamine, clomipramine, tricyclic antidepressants, etc. can be used to relieve the symptoms of trichotillomania. However, the easiest way to prevent patients from pulling their hair is with relaxation therapy, where they relieve their stress by pressing a stress ball, drawing, reading, writing, or engaging in other activities that occupy them rather than of being bored.